Output Style Instructions


QuikBib strives for accuracy in all output styles. We recommend verifying that there are no new style instructions before submitting your paper. Always check your reference list for accuracy.


Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts. (Information on the Style Guide: http://www.icmje.org/)


References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text



If there is no author in a reference QuikBib will substitute the title. Authors should be entered last name first follow by a space and the first and middle initial followed by a comma. The last author name should be followed by a period.



Capitalize only the first word of the title and of the subtitle, if any, and any proper nouns.


Periodical Title:

Abbreviate journal names for the periodical following the Index Medicus guidelines.


Periodical Volume and Issue:


If the periodical is paginated by issue, meaning that every issue of the volume begins with page 1, then include the issue. If the periodical has continuous pagination, meaning that each issue continues the pagination where the previous issue left off, the issue may be omitted.


Journal Sample:

1. Hahn E, Cella D, Bode R, Hanrahan R. Measuring social well-being in people with chronic illness. Soc Indicators Res. 2010 May;96(3):381. Available from: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=2001017201&Fmt=7&clientId=56086&RQT=309&VName=PQD.


Book Sample:


2. Yawkey TD, Pellegrini AD. Child's play : Developmental and applied. Hillsdale, N.J.: L. Erlbaum Associates; 1984.