Output Style Instructions


QuikBib strives for accuracy in all output styles. We recommend verifying that there are no new style instructions before submitting your paper.  Always check your reference list for accuracy.


ASA - American Sociological Association, 3rd Edition:



References should be sorted by last name’s (including all authors) then by year published (most current first) and title.  References are displayed with a “hanging indent” on the second and subsequent lines of the reference and are double spaced.




If no author is present RefWorks will print the title as required by ASA 3rd Edition. Author names should be formatted Author’s last name, followed by a comma and the first name and middle initial, ending with a period. Invert the authors’ name; if there are two or more authors, invert only the first author’s name.


For consecutive works by the same author(s), ------. is used in place of the author’s name. 


Pub Year:

If no date is available use "N.d." in place of the date.



Use the full periodical name if present, otherwise abbreviated. Casing should be Title Case.



Capitalize only the first word of the title and of the subtitle, if any, and any proper nouns and proper adjectives.


Place of Publication:

Include both city and state for place of publication except for New York using U.S. Postal Code abbreviations. For foreign cities provide the name of the country.


Retrieved Date:

Include retrieved date when citing an electronic source.



Include link when citing an electronic source.


Journal Sample:

Halpern, S. D., P. A. Ubel and A. L. Caplan. 2002. "Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients." New England Journal of Medicine 347:284-287.

Journal Sample (retrieved from online database):

Ferrell, Robert H. 1990. "Truman's Place in History." Reviews in American History 18(1):1-9. (Retrieved from JSTOR on February 3, 2005.)


Book Sample:

Mason, Karen. 1974. Women's Labor Force Participation. Research Triangle Park, NC: National Institutes of Health.

Electronic Book Sample:

Emerson, Ralph Waldo. 1849. Nature. Boston, MA: J. Munroe & Company. Retrieved January 19, 2010 (http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/29433).